عنوان مقاله [English]
Social pathology is the study and identification of the roots for social disorders leading to some non-equilibrium in social system and causing the political and scientific elites to be worried. A variety of social harms arises in all traditional and modern societies, with numerous causes. An investigation of the writings and the literature of the Iranian society supports this idea. The collection of the Anwari’s poems as an important source reflecting the social issues of his era is no exception. To know various social harms and their causes before Mongol invasion, we have used a descriptive research method and library sources in studying the Anwari’s collection of poems to show that, firstly, social issues such as murder and plunder, no security, carousing, slavery and homosexuality, disdaining women, greed, dissipation and extravagance, free-living and hedonism, miserliness, usury, flattery and lampoonery, moral decline, social distrust and civil wars, and bloodshed have been common in the Anwari’s time. Secondly, these issues have their roots in domestic and foreign political factors. Thirdly, the union among jurists and rulers as the elites has an important role in spread of social issues. And finally, initially the ruling caste indulge in deviation and people follow them according to the principle that says “people are following their rulers’ religion”. As a result, the society decline and would be subject to breakup.